Although most psocoptera are freeliving, a few genera live in the nests of birds. The scientific name comes from the greek psocus to grind and pteron wing and refers to the psocopteran jaws, which are shaped to grind food, rather like a pestle and mortar these insects can be conveniently, if somewhat arbitrarily, discussed in two groups, barklice and booklice, based on. The males chunky white body about 5 cm long, combined with the brownishblack bands on its otherwise translucent wings, give it a checkered look. I prefer to go in the opposite order, because the more advanced orders are more commonly.
The psocids found indoors are extremely tiny and difficult to see. Although they are called lice, the psocoptera are freeliving insects, not parasites. Psocoptera synonyms, psocoptera pronunciation, psocoptera translation, english dictionary definition of psocoptera. Over 5,500 species around the globe there are 41 families in the 3 suborders of psocoptera. Psocoptera bark and book lice mallophaga biting lice siphunculata sucking lice hemiptera true bugs. Insects of tasmania, australia, including blattodea cockroaches. Scientific names and order of presentation of taxonomic groups generally follow borror et al. Psocoptera book and bark lice chewing 02 pair phthiraptera several suborders amblycera ischnocera anoplura lice chewing, piercing lacking coleoptera beetles chewing 2 pair. Pdf barklice, booklice or psocids psocoptera researchgate.
The importance of insect order and family identification. Common names are generally in bold letters, although bold insect names in parentheses are not approved common names. Monteith queensland museum, 1979, worms to wasps by m. Besides damaging books, they also sometimes infest food storage areas, where they feed on dry, starchy materials. Introduction to the identification of insects and related. The order psocoptera also known as corrodentia contains the. Their closest relatives are the phthiraptera or true lice. All psocids possess silk glands and in some species large webs are formed in which the community lives. This group, the beetles and weevils, is the largest order in the insect world, with over 300,000 distinct species known. Most species feed on stored grains, book bindings, wallpaper paste, fabric sizing, and other starchy products. Psocoptera in montana, these tiny insects are seldom found in very large numbers in properly stored wheat. The key to insect orders was created at the university of queensland, department of entomology.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Most species feed on stored grains, book bindings, wallpaper paste, fabric. A few species have become pests and feed on stored products and paper materials, which is where they get the name booklice. Among the most wellknown species are the american cockroach, periplaneta americana, which is about 30 mm 1 inch long, the german cockroach, blattella germanica, about 15 mm 12 inch long, the asian cockroach, blattella asahinai, also about 15 mm. Papers and proceedings of the royal society of tasmania 1949. Graphically analyses the chronological discovery of species diversity. Psocid occasional invaders control pest control by. This is a very challenging assignment, because there are so many insects and so many of them look alike. Their name originates from the greek word, psokhos meaning gnawed or rubbed and, ptera meaning wings. A list of the orders of insects with links to more information about each order. Trogiomorpha have antennae with many segments 2250 antennomeres and always threesegmented tarsi trogiomorpha is the smallest suborder of the psocoptera sensu stricto i. Based on your answers to the questions, you have identified your insect as being in the order psocoptera. The correct path through the key for the insect on the left is. Sharp decline of insect populations in many insect orders due to unregulated use of insecticides other pesticides, chemicals pollution.
Many orders wont be encountered or noticed because of their size, habitat, or life cycle. Annotated classification order psocoptera booklice or psocids small or minute insects with long filiform antennae, delicate membranous wings though many are wingless, head with yshaped epicranial suture, enlarged postclypeus sclerite on the face. They first appeared in the permian period, 295248 million years ago. They are known as book lice because they are often found in association with old books stored in damp conditions such as in a basement. They first appeared in the permian period, 295248million years ago. These are distinguished by the number of segments in the antennae, tarsi, and labial palps. The psocoptera are tiny insects that have either four wings, two wings or none. The order psocoptera also known as corrodentia contains the booklice and barklice. Insect identification part i classes of arthropoda, orders of insecta 5 key to the orders of insectsnormally found in insect collections once you have determined that the organism you have before you is an insect you may wish to further identify it. They are wingless and much smaller than barklice less than 2 mm.
Psocodea is derived from the greek psokos meaning rubbed or gnawed. This means that you may have to use additional keys to determine the order of that. Feeding psocids feed mostly on organic matter such as lichens, algae, plant spores and dead plant and insect material. Adventist youth honors answer bookinsect list wikibooks. In the past, members of this order have been classified under different order names including corrodentia barklice, psocoptera barklice and booklice, phthiraptera parasitic lice, mallophaga chewing lice, and anoplura sucking lice. The name is most frequently given to the larvae of certain beetles, although any insect that normally feeds on starchy material or wood may eat paper.
The booklouse, also known as a paperlouse, is a softbodied, wingless insect in the order psocoptera usually trogium pulsatorium, typically 1 mm or less in length booklice feed on microscopic molds and other organic matter found in or on aging items that have been stored in places that lack the climate control necessary to inhibit organic. Most booklice species feed on stored grain, book bindings, wallpaper paste. The insects of the order psocoptera copeognatha, corrodentia are commonly. Psocoptera insect orders 4h and youth extension entomology. All are small insects, typically only 12 mm, wingless and pale colored. Psocoptera corrodentia, copeognatha constitutes an order of neopterous, exopterygote insects commonly called psocids, barklice, or booklice. A revised key to the species of psilopsocus psocoptera. Psocoptera definition of psocoptera by the free dictionary. Most species occur outdoors on plants, or under bark, stones or dead leaves. Most psocids live outdoors, have wings as adults, and are commonly found on. Psocids are small and softbodied and therefore have received little attention from collectors.
Biology of insect eggs is a threevolume account of the biology of insect eggs and covers topics ranging from oviposition and respiratory systems to the respiratory efficiency of egg plastrons. Jan 23, 2020 the order psocoptera also known as corrodentia contains the booklice and barklice. They have chewing mouthparts and a gradual metamorphosis, the life stages being the egg, nymph, and adult. Pending id psocoptera pending id psocoptera references edwards, b. Psocid occasional invaders control pest control by terminix. These insects are often regarded as the most primitive hemipteroids alive today because their mouthparts show the least modification from the primitive mandibulate condition. The booklice are generally recognized as those members of the insect order psocoptera that may be found indoors. In view of the relative lack of developmental studies on the psocoptera, the present investigation of liposcelis divergens, a common representative of the order, has been undertaken in order to.
They are often regarded as the most primitive of the hemipteroids. How to identify insects to order extension entomology. They are wingless and are common in moist or damp areas. New species and records of peripsocus hagen psocoptera, peripsocidae from southeast australia. These four orders compose a monophyletic group, the paraneoptera hemipteroid insects, and psocids retain the most primitive features in the. A study of the tasmanian psocoptera with descriptions of new species. The notion that these two groups of insects share a common ancestor is supported by several morphological characters e. Booklice feed on microscopic molds and other organic matter found in or on aging items that have been stored in places that lack the climate control necessary to inhibit organic growth. Among the most wellknown species are the american cockroach, periplaneta americana, which is about 30 mm 1 inch long, the german cockroach, blattella germanica, about 15 mm 12 inch long, the asian cockroach. The psocoptera are tiny insects that have either four wings, two wings or none at all. Ent 425 general entomology resource library compendium. Why the name chewing wing was assigned is unknown and is one of the few names that do not add usefulness to the taxonomy of insects. Introduction psocoptera in montana, these tiny insects are seldom found in very large numbers in properly stored wheat. The psocoptera, psocids, are a small order of insects that occasionally.
Characteristics psocids or booklice as they are commonly known are small usually dull coloured insects with a body length of 110 millimetres. Pdf automictic and apomictic parthenogenesis in psocids. Why the name chewing wing was assigned is unknown and is one of the few names that do not add usefulness to the taxonomy of. The booklice are generally recognized as those members of the insect order psocoptera that may be.
The booklouse, also known as a paperlouse, is a softbodied, wingless insect in the order psocoptera usually trogium pulsatorium, typically 1 mm or less in length. Order psocoptera shipley, 1904 book and bark lice insect. The psocoptera are tiny insects with chewing mouthparts that have either four wings or none. Liposcelidae, traditionally classified as psocoptera or book lice are the sister group to. The body of a book louse may be white or pale brown, depending on the species, and it has a single dark spot by the tip of the abdomen where one would expect. Insect orders with a complete life cycle conventionally, insect orders are studied from those which are considered to be the most primitive, progressing through those which are more advanced ies, moths, bees, and beetles. Cockroaches or simply roaches are insects of the order blattodea. Psocoptera are an order of insects that are commonly known as booklice, barklice or barkflies. This is going to effect all food web chains on the planet. These insects are often regarded as the most primitive hemipteroids alive today. Order psocoptera booklice or psocids small or minute insects with long filiform antennae, delicate membranous wings though many are wingless, head with yshaped epicranial suture, enlarged postclypeus sclerite on the face. With this in mind, proceed to identify specimens, using your book and examples here to help arrive at your final determination. When you have finished you should go to a museum or reference collection and compare your results. Booklice commonly live in large groups, which can be alarming, but aside from being a nuisance, they are not a threat to people, grains, fabric, or furniture unless those things are moldy.
Elevator operators and other buyers may require treatment for a very large number of booklice, but this is very unlikely to occur in a cool dry climate like montana. Bookworm, common name for any insect that feeds on the paper or binding of books. The order psocoptera is divided into three suborders. Entomology 462 orders of hexapoda order psocoptera psocids.
The key has been based on the simplified keys to insect orders found in collecting, preserving and classifying insects by e. Use the key to find out what order the insects pictures below belong to. Booklice dont jump despite having a broad hind legs typical of a jumping insect, booklice do not jump, but rather runs so quickly. Do not feed on live plants and animals unlike true lice, psocoptera feeds on mold, fungi, algae and pollen. Lists all 41 families, 371 genera, and 4408 species of the insect order psocoptera psocids described up to the end of the year 2000. The common whitetail can be seen hawking for mosquitoes and other small flying insects over ponds, marshes, and slow. Hydropyles and water relations are also discussed, along with colleterial glands, enemies of insect eggs, and devices used by insects to defend their. Liposcelididae primarily, trogiidae identification and descriptive features. In this book approved common names, scientific names and authors used generally follow stoetzel 1989. This name derives from the latin word for cockroach, blatta. The insect orders an introduction each to of the 32 orders of insects.1126 644 127 295 433 1469 1289 1276 559 866 629 1290 1156 707 1455 14 1230 1137 1207 304 1027 723 556 1375 1347 356 1194 1 98 596 57 1410